Linking words: marcadores discursivos em inglês

Escrito por Carina Fragozo
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A dica de hoje pode ser muito válida para melhorar a escrita e a leitura em inglês. As conjunções e conectores expressam ideias como adição, contraste, causa/consequência, tempo e sequência cronológica, e entender o uso e o significado dessas palavras é fundamental para interpretar textos e compreender as relações entre as sentenças. Confira o vídeo e mais alguns exemplos na tabela abaixo!! No final do post você também pode checar seu aprendizado com alguns exercícios que preparei especialmente pra você 🙂

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[yframe url=’https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jVp3rPoubQw’]

  Conjunções/Conectores

Exemplos

 
Adição
And (e)
in addition (to)/moreover/besides (além disso)
also/too/as well (também)
not only… but also…  (não apenas… mas também…)
I like jazz, rock and pop.
Besides rock, I like jazz and pop.
I also like heavy metal. / I like heavy metal, too.
I like not only listening to music, but also singing.
 
 
Contraste
but (mas)
however/yet/nevertheless (entretanto)
although/though (embora)
despite/in spite of (apesar de)
 
I don’t like black coffee, but I like white coffee.
I don’t like coffee. However, I like milk.
Although I don’t have money, I want to buy a car.
Despite my salary (R$500,00), I want to buy a car.
 
Causa e
Consequência
so (assim, então)
therefore/thus/because of this (portanto)
consequently/as a result (consequentemente)
since/as (visto que, já que)
because (porque)
You’ve been a good girl. So, I’ll give you a present.
I don’t have any milk, thus I can’t prepare white coffee.
I don’t have milk. As a result, I won’t prepare white coffee
Since I don’t have milk, I won’t prepare white coffee.
I won’t prepare white coffee because I don’t have milk.
 
Tempo
First/to star with (primeiramente)
Second/third (em segundo, terceiro lugar)
Then/next/after that (em seguida)
Finally (finalmente)
First, call your mother.
Second, tell her you are ok.
Then, ask her to pick you up.
Finally, go home with her.

 
Exercise

  1. Complete as frases abaixo com os conectores adequados. 

a) For you to make a cake, you need sugar, flour _______ eggs.
b) ____________ sugar, flour and eggs, you need milk to make a cake.
c) I like barbecue, ________ I prefer fried chicken.
d) You have to be careful when you drive, ____________ there are many car accidents nowadays.
e) In order to be a good environmentalist, there are three important steps to follow: _________, you have to like talking about the environment; __________, it’s important to research about the topic; __________, it’s necessary to study a lot.
f) The service at this restaurant is excellent. _________, the food is terrible!
2. Una as frases utilizando o conector em parênteses.

a) Isabel apologised several times. Nevertheless, Paul wouldn’t speak to her. (but)

b) You’re late again. Furthermore, you haven’t brought your books. (and)
c) Rome is a great place to visit. However, it has terrible traffic problems. (despite)
d) We decided to walk. Nevertheless, it was raining. (although)
 

Respostas:

Exercício 1:
a) and  b) In addition to/Besides  c) but d) as/because/since
Exercício 2:
a) Isabel apologised several times, but Paul wouldn’t speak to her.
b) You’re late again, and you haven’t brought your books.
c) Despite being a great place to visit, Rome has terrible traffic problems.
d) Although it was raining, we decided to walk.
 

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